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20 Common Essay Topics for IELTS Writing Task 2

This important technique will help you work towards higher levels of attainment in assignments and help to improve the quality of your everyday writing. Paragraphs are the building blocks of your written work, and a good essay or assignment will organise the content clearly at a paragraph level. However, some commonly used abbreviations or acronyms relating to the discipline will often need to be used to enhance general statement examples the clarity of your writing and reduce the word count. Academic writing tends to avoid the types of contractions and abbreviated language that you might use in other forms of communication. Awareness of how and when to use different registers of language can help to improve the level of formality of your writing. Academic writing tends to adopt formal language derived from Latinate, rather than Anglo-Saxon roots.

  1. Identifying as valuable the culture that creates a people out of a group of persons is not some simple glorification of history, in which the past is lauded because it was there first.
  2. All racism is deplorable, and some have been emboldened by the referendum result to act despicably.
  3. This is about education or skills – not about different types of skills.
  4. Convenience sampling and quota sampling are both non-probability sampling methods.
  5. You can check your work by identifying the different sections of the wave in each of your paragraphs using theLCT writing framework (.doc, 44.3KB).

Criterion validity evaluates how well a test measures the outcome it was designed to measure. Although both types of validity are established by calculating the association or correlation between a test score and another variable, they represent distinct validation methods. Any anticipated control, extraneous, or confounding variables that could bias your research if not accounted for properly. Notice that such an introduction gives an ‘answer’ as a part of a briefly stated overview of the play. Doing this lays the groundwork for a successful essay to follow because it starts off a kind of ‘argument’, one that will take another five or six paragraphs to support effectively.

Controlling immigration is good for democracy

It’s true that their writers don’t want more pocket money, but certainly they need you to enjoy reading their texts and for the text to bring you to agree with their views on some or other issue. Remember that the topic sentence is the first thing your reader or instructor will read before diving into your paragraphs. Therefore, if you want to entice your reader into enthusiastically reading your work, then you should make it enjoyable. Note that you will be creating a topic sentence for each paragraph.

A section of a piece of writing that begins on a new line and contains one or more sentences. Glossary A list of the difficult words used in a piece of writing or subject, with explanations of their meaning. An argument or set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument. The legal right to have control over the work of a writer, artist, musician etc. If you own the copyright on something, it is your intellectual property, and other people must pay you to broadcast, publish, or perform it. A list of terms and definitions which are of relevance to academic writing. Definitions are taken from Macmillan Dictionary unless stated otherwise.

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Also, your preparation should involve reviewing all common topics and over 100 essay questions. When you give examples, choose the number of examples to give rather than use “etc”.

The two types of external validity are population validity and ecological validity . Statistical analyses are often applied to test validity with data from your measures. You test convergent validity and discriminant validity with correlations to see if results from your test are positively or negatively related to those of other established tests. Face validity is about whether a test appears to measure what it’s supposed to measure. This type of validity is concerned with whether a measure seems relevant and appropriate for what it’s assessing only on the surface.

Analysis of variance ANOVA

Even though your teacher will often help you to understand this, it will still comes down to your own interpretation and understanding. A writer’s academic voice, or argument, is made evident in the way they introduce and interpret the evidence that supports their points. One way you can do this is by selecting the verbs you use to introduce how to cite a website in an essay example your sources with care. ‘Reporting’ verbs differ in terms of their strength; for example, ‘to suggest’ is much weaker, and more tentative, than ‘to argue’. The two verbs convey very different pictures about how your chosen author sees his/her materials and research. The thesis and the central idea both refer to the _ of the essay.

  1. It usually affects studies when observers are aware of the research aims or hypotheses.
  2. You will find a grammar website recommended on my useful website page in the IELTS Extra section.
  3. Contact method detects any deviation in shapes, dimensions, forms, position or other physical characteristics through mechanisms that are kept in direct contact with the part.
  4. Effects are assumed to be randomly distributed, and the central point of this distribution is the focus of the combined effect estimate.
  5. The key difference between observational studies and experiments is that, done correctly, an observational study will never influence the responses or behaviours of participants.

“Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to ‘come back tomorrow’ with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves….”. Imagine you are feeling downbeat because your friends outshine you in the pocket money stakes. You want more pocket money; and yet you sense that you daren’t ask outright or you would be refused. You would create a text – quite a long one, most likely; and you would use it as an attempt to convince your parent so that your desires to be wealthier are fulfilled. Keep in mind that whenever anyone uses language, it is to bring someone else to want to hear what we have to say. To do this, it needs to be made interesting; and it is surely much easier to make an interesting story than it is to make an interesting political comment. It will be some kind of critique of the writer’s society, and one that, because literature must entertain rather than instruct, cannot easily be conveyed directly or ‘on the surface’.

Create a balance between specifics and the overall idea

Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896–1934) theorised processes that would be regarded as metacognitive. Vygotsky developed the idea of the Zone of Proximal Development. This zone lies between what a learner can achieve alone and what a learner can achieve with expert guidance. The expert, a teacher for example, initially takes responsibility for monitoring what is the controlling idea progress, setting goals, planning activities and allocating attention for example. Gradually, the responsibility for these cognitive processes is given over to the learner. The learner becomes increasingly capable of regulating his or her own cognitive activities. This transition described by Vygotsky would now be considered metacognitive development.

what does controlling idea mean

It should be an idea that can be supported by concrete evidence as required by most universities and learning institutions. Note that this is not an invitation for you to announce your topic like you would in a speech or public speaking. Unlike the thesis statement, this sentence can be written in the form of a question. In such a case, the rest of the paragraph will be written as a response or answer. This means you have to make sure that the sentence, even if it is in question form, presents the paragraph’s main point. Next, decide what criteria are important enough to your topic to discuss at length.


Therefore, creating incredible and enjoyable sentences will keep your reader interested throughout your paper. You can do this by using detail, dialogue, describing a character, and trying as much as possible to avoid rhetorical questions. These three parts work together to make up an effective topic sentence. It is important to note that while why college athletes should be paid essay these three parts are mandatory, this sentence consists of more than stating the paragraph’s subject. Depending on the type of binding and customer frequency at a print shop, the printing process and delivery may take a longer period of time. Don’t lose valuable time and use the printing service with free express delivery at BachelorPrint!

The difference between a central idea and a theme is that central ideas are typically the substance of informative texts, such as essays. Themes are the message behind a literary text, like a poem or novel. 1 – The central idea of a classification essay is essentially how and why you divided something up. It’s when openness becomes diluted and business leaders lose sight of how their managers are treating people that the rot sets in. This can all too easily create the toxic culture in which micromanagers thrive, and at the expense of the people they are supposed to be guiding and supporting. Personal reflection enables learners to critically analyse their performance in relation to a particular task and consider what they might do differently to improve their performance in future tasks.


Random sampling enhances the external validity or generalisability of your results, while random assignment improves the internal validity of your study. Relatedly, in cluster sampling you randomly select entire groups and include all units of each group in your sample. However, in stratified sampling, you select some units of all groups and include them in your sample.

  1. Yes, you can create a stratified sample using multiple characteristics, but you must ensure that every participant in your study belongs to one and only one subgroup.
  2. On the writing task 1 page, you will find tips for letter writing.
  3. Download thisCritical analysis framework (PDF, 52.6KB)to help structure your analysis of multiple sources according to these stages.
  4. This interactive digital workshopwill introduce some of the key principles of critical reading and writing and suggest a number of strategies that you can apply to your academic work.
  5. We read a literary text for both levels of meaning, firstly to enjoy a good story and second to gain a sesne of an understanding about life, or about the ‘human condition’.
  6. The complement of odds ratio, similar to the relative risk reduction when events are rare.

The application of the results from clinical trials to individual people. A randomised trial only provides direct evidence of causality within that specific trial. It takes an additional logical step to apply this result to a specific individual. Individual characteristics will affect the outcome for this person. The balanced approach is a specific opinion which doesn’t fully agree or fully disagree.

Stock control

This enables you to finalize your thesis up to one day before hand in. A sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph in which it occurs. For every claim you make in your writing, you will be required to prove your point.

It’s usually contrasted with deductive reasoning, where you proceed from general information to specific conclusions. A correlation is usually tested for two variables at a time, but you can test correlations between three or more variables. The process of turning abstract concepts into measurable variables and indicators is called operationalisation. Yes, but including more than one of either type requires multiple research questions. Quantitative variables are any variables where the data represent amounts (e.g. height, weight, or age). Spontaneous questions are deceptively challenging, and it’s easy to accidentally ask a leading question or make a participant uncomfortable.

Explanatory research is a research method used to investigate how or why something occurs when only a small amount of information is available pertaining to that topic. For this reason, academic journals are often considered among the most credible sources you can use in a research project – provided that the journal itself is trustworthy and well regarded. Research misconduct means making up or falsifying data, manipulating data analyses, or misrepresenting results in research reports. These considerations protect the rights of research participants, enhance research validity, and maintain scientific integrity. Demand characteristics are aspects of experiments that may give away the research objective to participants. Social desirability bias occurs when participants automatically try to respond in ways that make them seem likeable in a study, even if it means misrepresenting how they truly feel. A sampling frame is a list of every member in the entire population.

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